Fundamental analysis is a way of looking at the market by analyzing economic and political forces, social, and other external events, and factors that may affect currency prices right now and might happen in the future. Financial and economic statistics, information about the economic course of the government, meetings and the interest rates of Central banks, possible political events in the country, as well as all kinds of expectations and rumours are the most important things in fundamental analysis.
All these events shape supply and demand that determine prices, or in our case, the currency exchange rate. Fundamental analysis can show you how and why some events like an increase in the unemployment rate affect the economy and monetary policy of the country, which ultimately affect the level of demand for its currency.
The main idea behind fundamental analysis is that if a country’s economic outlook is favourable, its currency should strengthen.
The fundamental approach allows analyzing both short- and long-term perspectives.